2007年06月21日

MATHEMATICAL PSYCHICS EDGEWORTH

MATHEMATICAL PSYCHICS
AN ESSAY ON THE APPLICATION OF MATHEMATICS TO THE MORAL SCIENCES
BY F. Y. EDGEWORTH, M.A. PDF版
  But, even admitting a disposition in the purer wills and clearer intellects to accept the just as jnis Zitium, arid the useful as the definition of the just; admitting that there exizts in the higher parts of human nature a tendency towards and feeling after utilitarian institutions;could we seriously suppose that these moral considerations were relevant to war and trade ; could eradicate the ' controlless core ' of human selfishness, or exercise an appreciable force in comparison with the impulse of self-interest. It would have to be first shown that the interest of all is the interest of each, an illusion to which the ambiguous language of Mill, and perhaps Bentham, may have lent some countenance, but which is for ever dispelled by the masterly analysis of Mr.Sidgwick. Mr. Sidgwisk acknowledges two supreme principles-Egoism and Utilitarianism ; of independent authority, conflicting dictates ; irreconcilable, unless indeed by religion.(P.52)
  It is far from the spirit of the philosophy of pleasure to depreciate the importance of religion ; but in the See review of Thornton on Labour (as well as Utik'LnriaroiaP1).
present inquiry, and dealing with the lower elements of human nature, we should have to seek a more obvious transition, a more earthy passage, from the principle of self-interest to the principle, or at least the practice,of utilitarianism.(P.52‐53)


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